Northern Tajikistan the cities of Khujand and Panjakent was part of Sogdiaa collection of city-states which was overrun by Scythians and Yuezhi nomadic tribes around BC. The Samanid Empiretorestored Persian control of the region and enlarged the cities of Samarkand and Bukhara both cities are today part of Uzbekistan which became the cultural centres of Iran and the region was known as Khorasan.
The Kara-Khanid Khanate conquered Transoxania which corresponds approximately with modern-day Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, southern Kyrgyzstan and southwest Kazakhstan and ruled between and In less than a century the Mongol Empire broke up and modern Tajikistan came under the rule of the Chagatai Khanate.
Tamerlane created the Timurid dynasty and took control of the region in the 14th century. The Emirate of Bukhara remained intact until the 20th century but during the 19th century, for the second time in world history, a European power the Russian Empire began to conquer parts of the region. Between andRussia gradually took control of the entire territory of Russian Turkestanthe Tajikistan portion of which had been controlled by the Emirate of Bukhara and Khanate of Kokand.
Russia was interested in gaining access to opțiunea bu supply of cotton and in the s attempted to switch cultivation in the region from grain to cotton a strategy later copied and expanded by the Soviets. Although the Jadidists were pro-modernization and not necessarily anti-Russian, the Russians viewed the movement as a threat. Further violence occurred in July when demonstrators attacked Russian soldiers in Khujand over the threat of forced conscription during World War I.
Despite Russian troops quickly bringing Khujand back under control, clashes continued throughout the year in various locations in Tajikistan. The Bolsheviks prevailed after a four-year war, in which mosques and villages were burned down and the population heavily suppressed.
Soviet authorities started a campaign of cum să faci bani pe internet pentru Tadjikistan. Practising IslamJudaismand Christianity was discouraged and repressed, and many mosques, churchesand synagogues were closed.
Between andcollectivisation of agriculture and a rapid expansion of cotton production took place, especially in the southern region.
Consequently, some peasants fought collectivisation and revived the Basmachi movement. Some small scale industrial development also occurred during this time along with the expansion of irrigation infrastructure.
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Real disturbances did not occur within the republic until The following year, the Soviet Union collapsed, and Tajikistan declared its independence on 9 Septembera day which is now celebrated as the country's Independence Day. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.